The role of color in architecture: Visual effects and psychological stimulation

Color has an impact on visual effects and stimulates psychological change in every human being mentioned a lot today and with architecture is no exception.

As well as the building elements that make up an architectural object, the application of colors on surfaces also affects a user’s experience of space. According to Israel Pedrosa, “a colorful sensation produced by light refracting shades or reflected by materials, usually word color, is designated to reflect the function to stimulate sensation. about color.

As well as the building elements that make up an architectural object, the application of colors on surfaces also affects a user’s experience of space. According to Israel Pedrosa, “a colorful sensation produced by light refracting shades or reflected by materials, usually word color, is designated to reflect the function to stimulate sensation. about color

Describing the relationship of colors and the various features that govern them, or even the multitude of existing studies related to these theories, is as complex as extending it. Colors can be associated with psychology, symbolism and even mysticism; colors have different meanings according to each period of art, history or culture; Colors change in the face of light in a lot of other characteristics. This article is not intended to address technical aspects of color or concepts studied by critics. However, it gives thought about the relationship between color and architecture.

Let’s take a look at some famous names from the architectural history, related to the work of Luis Barragán, the color that expresses spatial purity as an element that evokes emotions, while Siza Vieira obeys the norm. sharpness of the surface. Meanwhile, Lina Bo Bardi uses red in some architectural elements, and Legorreta adopts open colors, inspired by Mexican culture.

Colors can display a certain volume or construction details or visually mimic certain aspects of the space. It can also provide a set of emotions or visual effects.

If we create an environment with neutral walls, floors and ceilings, when we apply certain colors on different surfaces, we get different visual effects. For example, if we apply a darker shade on the ceiling, the feeling of a lower space is created; if we apply color to the central wall of space, the idea of some “spatial shortening” is visually created; meanwhile, if it is applied to all walls, the perception of a longer space is created.

If only the side walls of the space are painted, there is a noticeable sense of contraction; On the other hand, when painting the central wall and ceiling in the same dither, the environment seems to be enlarged. If you are looking to lower the height of the space or focus on the height of the observer’s eye, then paint all surfaces at half that height and place darker tones on the surfaces. The upper face will give us this desired effect.

But colors do not exist without the presence of light. As Israel Pedrosa said in the book Da Cor à Cor Inexistente, “color does not exist in physical form: it is just a feeling created by some nerve organization under the action of light, more precisely, onions.” stimulated by the action of light on the visual organ. ”Colors are closely associated with psychological stimuli and can be used in combination with the volume and shape of each project.

In children’s projects, colors are used to promote a child’s psychological and emotional development. Among the numerous examples, the following are outstanding works: the College in Alto de Pinheiros of the architects Base Urbana + Pessoa Arquitetos; the Prestwood Elementary School of De Rosee Sa and the ‘Els Colors’ kindergarten of RCR Arquitectes.

In hospital or medical projects, color is used as an additional element for patient recovery, such as in the Esther Koplowitz Foundation for patients with cerebral palsy designed by Hans Abaton and Nemours Children’s Hospital was designed by Stanley Beaman & Sears.